Shackleton’s ship Endurance located

Started by steve58, March 09, 2022, 09:18:24 AM

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steve58

Quote
Over a century after it sank to the depths of the Weddell Sea off the coast of Antarctica, the lost ship of Anglo-Irish explorer Ernest Shackleton, has been found.

In 1915 the Endurance was trapped by dense pack ice, forcing Shackleton and his crew to make a stunning escape.

Now, 107 years later, the wooden vessel has been located and "it is virtually intact," said Mensun Bound, the director of exploration at the Falklands Maritime Heritage Trust which organized the expedition to find it.

"The preservation is beyond imagination," Bound told NBC News by phone on Wednesday, adding that the ship's name could still be seen emblazoned across the stern.

https://www.nbcnews.com/news/world/ernest-shackletons-ship-endurance-antarctica-sea-106-years-1915-rcna19264

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Gusington

Incredibly well preserved! Great shot, above. The ship does look old, for 1915.
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Tripoli

Quote from: Gusington on March 09, 2022, 09:21:16 AM
Incredibly well preserved! Great shot, above. The ship does look old, for 1915.

The HMS ENDURANCE was purpose built for Artic/Antartic conditions, with an emphasis on hull strength.  From Wikipedia https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Endurance_(1912_ship):

"Designed by Ole Aanderud Larsen, Endurance was built at the Framnæs shipyard in Sandefjord, Norway, and fully completed on 17 December 1912. She was built under the supervision of master wood shipbuilder Christian Jacobsen, who was renowned for insisting that all men in his employment were not just skilled shipwrights but also be experienced in seafaring aboard whaling or sealing ships. Every detail of her construction had been scrupulously planned to ensure maximum durability: for example, every joint and fitting was cross-braced for maximum strength.

...

Though her hull looked from the outside like that of any other vessel of a comparable size, it was not. She was designed for polar conditions with a very sturdy construction. Her keel members were four pieces of solid oak, one above the other, adding up to a thickness of 85 inches (2,200 mm), while its sides were between 30 inches (760 mm) and 18 inches (460 mm) thick, with twice as many frames as normal and the frames being of double thickness. She was built of planks of oak and Norwegian fir up to 30 inches (760 mm) thick, sheathed in greenheart, an exceptionally strong and heavy wood. The bow, which would meet the ice head-on, had been given special attention. Each timber had been made from a single oak tree chosen for its shape so that its natural shape followed the curve of the ship's design. When put together, these pieces had a thickness of 52 inches (1,300 mm).
...
As well as sails, Endurance had a 350 horsepower (260 kW) coal-fired steam engine capable of speeds up to 10.2 knots (18.9 km/h; 11.7 mph).

By the time of her launch in 1912, Endurance was perhaps the strongest wooden ship ever built, with the possible exception of Fram, the vessel used by Fridtjof Nansen and later by Roald Amundsen. There was one major difference between the ships. Fram was bowl-bottomed, which meant that if the ice closed in against her, the ship would be squeezed up and out and not be subject to the pressure of the ice compressing around her. Endurance, on the other hand, was designed with great inherent strength in her hull in order to resist collision with ice floes and to break through pack ice by ramming and crushing; she was therefore not intended to be frozen into heavy pack ice, and so was not designed to rise out of a crush. In such a situation she was dependent on the ultimate strength of her hull alone.
"

I suspect they went with a sailing ship to minimize the need for coal bunkerage.  That left more room for supplies for a long winter + expedition
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steve58

Government is not the solution to our problem—government is the problem.   Ronald Reagan
The democracy will cease to exist when you take away from those who are willing to work and give to those who would not.   Thomas Jefferson
During times of universal deceit, telling the truth becomes a revolutionary act.   George Orwell
If you ever find yourself in need of a safe space then you're probably going to have to stop calling yourself a social justice warrior. You cannot be a warrior and a pansy at the same time   Mike Adams (RIP Mike)

Gusington

Awesome stuff!! I need to read more about Shackleton. I think I would have enjoyed being part of an Antarctic expedition in 1915...without the whole getting lost thing :)
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